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How To Clean A Gun?

Last Updated: 10 June 2022

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Just like every other product, it is only possible to maintain the value and functionality of a gun by regular cleaning and maintenance. This helps keep the gun accurate and safe at all times. The more effort put into the firearm, the greater reward in terms of peace of mind. The presence of good gun maintenance will also help you to understand the firearm in a much better way and provide the shooter with a lot of confidence when it comes to using it out in the open.

Maintenance of a Gun

Maintenance of a Gun

Most novice gun users do not know how to clean a gun or the importance of cleaning these products. However, a dirty firearm can often result in unsafe, unpredictable, or unreliable use. There are multiple types of firearms, and each requires a different type of knowledge as to how often you should clean your gun.

If the gun is being frequently used, there is an even greater need for proper maintenance. The general consensus is that gun cleaning can take up a lot of hours due to the various small parts, disassembly, and assembly required. However, this is not the case since the best gun cleaning kit will be able to significantly cut down the time spent on this process.

Finding a Proper Workplace

The place where the gun is going to be cleaned has to be well-lit, well-ventilated, clean, and organized. It is recommended to work on a table that is sturdy without any rocking moments. Any tables that have wheels should also be avoided. It is easy to forget, but you should ideally clean your gun in daylight (with added light support if required) There are many chemicals and other contaminants in a gun. Hence, cleaning this product should be avoided on the kitchen counter or dining table. Once an appropriate workplace has been identified, all the ammunition in the gun should be removed.

Cleaning Products

Many newbies do not know what to clean a gun with. It is recommended to use these products:

  • Gun oil
  • Gun cleaner solvent
  • Paper towels
  • Toothbrush
  • Bore brush
  • Cotton swabs
  • Jag
  • Small bore flashlight
  • Patches and patch holder

It is important to know how to clean a gun with household items. The usage of household items significantly lowers the cost of cleaning, and these items are also widely available. The scissors, lubricating oil, and cloths are a few essential items.

Right Way of Cleaning

Right Way of Cleaning

The proper way to clean your gun is by eliminating all the debris and mess. It is preferred to soak the firearm that has been disassembled. A sonic cleaner is a great choice since it is less labor-intensive and the cleaning is also quite good. The use of an air compressor can help speed up the cleaning process. There is growing awareness about what is a jag in a gun cleaning kit and its effectiveness.

Many people make the mistake of not lubricating the gun after the cleaning process has been completed. It is essential to use oil on the firearm but not in excess, as the use of excessive lubrication can spoil the firearm as a whole. The firing pin channel, magazines, bore, or chamber should not be lubricated, as this causes the debris to get stuck in these areas.

After lubrication has been completed, it is important to protect the entire firearm by applying a protective coating. This eliminates the occurrence of corrosion, which is a problem faced by many users who are unable to store the firearm in a dry place when not in use. If the gun is being used in a place where high humidity and saltwater are frequent, the application of a protective coating becomes a must rather than a luxury. After the application of the coat, it is important to wipe it off to leave a thin coat on the gun.

It is possible to achieve great results by tailoring the cleaning process to a specific method.

Gun Cleaning Process at Home

Gun Cleaning Process at Home

There is a methodical process when it comes to learning how to clean a gun without a cleaning kit. It is important to disassemble the gun by using the owner’s manual if the action is being performed for the first time. This is not a very complicated process, but it can end up providing a huge insight into the tool and its internal parts – frame, chamber, barrel, and even the bolt. Once the disassembly has been completed, it is important to start with the bolt and clean it thoroughly. This can be followed by the chamber, which is relatively easy, and the barrel.

Even those who know how to use a gun cleaning kit find that cleaning the barrel can be quite tricky and cumbersome without tools like a bore brush, but one can get ingenious by using a towel with an appropriate rod. The best way to use a cloth will be to cut it into smaller pieces. It would be ideal if the pieces are square in size. These small pieces would be ideal for cleaning the bolt.

Any leftover large pieces of cloth can be made by using lubricant oil. This oil-rich cloth can then be used to wipe out a large portion of the dirt from the bolt. Since there is likely to be oil and carbon debris, the use of lubricant oil helps to eliminate these products to reveal a smooth and clean surface. The firing pin is located on the inner side of the bolt. It also needs to receive great attention so that it is clean from all debris. After the bolt and internals have been cleaned, it is time to switch focus to the barrel and chamber. These are essential things to know how to clean a gun without a cleaning kit.


You should always remember that a firearm is a tool that can be used for multiple purposes. If these tools are taken care of properly, then there is little chance that they will let you down in any circumstance. It is, therefore, essential to invest some time regularly to clean these tools.

Do you have any tips and tricks that you should share with other gun enthusiasts? Write them in the comments section!

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