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ARCHIE ADAMSEditor-in-Chief of the Handy Home Master
We love woodwork, practically living and breathing wood cutting all day long. Different hardware stores have numerous types of saw on the market, catering to various cutting needs making it very easy to cut wood in this day and age, yet what if one doesn’t have a saw available? There are so many different ways of cutting wood that you wouldn’t believe how versatile some tools are. One doesn’t need to use a saw all the time – there are several other tools to make use of to make great cuts. Whether you’re building a house or building your toddler a doll’s house, we’re going to show you all the different ways that you can chop wood.
Before any work can be done with any tool, it’s fundamental to be safe and familiar with the equipment. Set up your workstation and tools so that work can be carried out as safely as possible. Let’s review some safety tips:
- You wouldn’t operate your best small chainsaw without eye protection, and the same goes for the tools we’ll be discussing – always protect your eyes.
- Wear dust masks and ear protectors if you or other people are using the best electric chainsaw or other loud tools around you.
- Use tight clothing, so it doesn’t get in the way – tie your hair back and put jewelry away.
- Avoid any potential kickbacks of material by standing to one side when making cuts.
- Always sharpen blades, so they work better and operate safer.
- If you are going to cut old pieces of wood, check if there are any pieces of metal within it, such as screws or nails. Remove any of them with a hammer before getting down to some cutting.
- Be careful not to get any splinters. If you do get some, you can use tweezers to remove them.
- Always have a first aid kit nearby in case you hurt yourself or get hurt with your cutting implements.
- Put something down on the floor below so that dust, shavings, and other material can easily be caught – you will want to remove these from the vicinity as safely and efficiently as possible.
Easy way to cut wood without a saw
Undoubtedly, the best cordless chainsaw or other types of such a tool are the most practical and efficient when cutting wood. You can purchase a whole variety of different sizes of saw for different jobs, the most common being a bandsaw which is used for large wooden panels or plain hand saws for basic cuts. But can you chop material without a saw? Yes, you can!
There are lots of different alternatives, so let’s discuss some here.
Cut Wood Using a Sharp Machete
This is an excellent way of cutting when one needs to slice thin and raw material for a particular need. Saws aren’t great for cutting raw material, but a sharp machete will undoubtedly do a great job. Determine what specific area you’re going to chop into and then mark that particular point, making sure to create a clear boundary line around the wood. Using a sharpened machete, slice small chunks of material all around by cutting at a slight angle. As you repeat on both sides of the boundary line, the material will break, and then you can finish off the job by smoothing the outer edges with your machete. This tool is really a great way to achieve smooth edges – you wouldn’t believe it!
- 21-inch short machete is easier to maneuver, great for lightning-fast reaction
- Black stainless steel blade with heavy duty reverse serration
- Black cord-wrapped handle for excellent grip
- Includes durable nylon sheath for storage and travel
Using a Sharp Axe
Perfect sharp axes are brilliant for making cuts and chopping down thick tree material such as a whole tree. It’s easy to use an ax; however, it may take a little longer than a saw and may require more labor. Start by marking a piece with a line where you intend the ax cutting point to be made. After that, use a pre-sharpened ax to chop a couple of inches from this marked point. You can repeat this cutting until you’ve managed to chop all around.
Once this has been completed, shift your attention to the other side of the wood and repeat the process over and over again until the material is weak enough to break and for gravity to take its course. As you chop and notice it falling under its own weight, be sure to keep a reasonable distance from it until it falls over. The ax can be used to trim around the edges, breaking away any edges or removing bark from the wood. One can get woodcuts from their plank by repeating the steps mentioned above until many pieces are formed.
- Ideal for taller users splitting medium- to large-sized logs
- Designed for maximum efficiency to give you more one-strike splits. Textured non-slip grip reduces hand strain and improves control
- Perfected balance and power-to-weight ratio increases swing speed to multiply power, much like an aluminum baseball bat
- Advanced bevel convex blade geometry adds power and makes the blade easier to remove from wood
- Lifetime warranty. Item weight: 5.85 pounds
Using a Chisel
Chisels make an excellent substitute for the standard saw, especially top-quality woodwork types. Before cutting, sharpen up the edges so that cuts can easily be made and then proceed to secure it onto some firm surface. Holding your chisel with two hands, with the bevel side up and placed flat against a wooden surface, hold a hammer with one hand and use it to bash the chisel on the wood. For optimal use, you’ll want the bevel side to be at a 16-22 degree angle. It’s essential to hold the hammer with your dominant hand and the chisel with the least dominant. Make sure to read about the different types of chisels so that you have one that is best for the kind of material you’re going to work with.
- Chisels are in the following sizes: 1/4 inch, 1/2 inch, 3/4 inch, 1 inch. Packaging keeps the chisels separate so they don't hang on each other in transit.
- The blades come slightly oiled, which helps to protect against corrosion. Each chisel has a black plastic edge guard to protect the tips from damage and to protect everything else in your toolbox from getting nicked or scratched.
- The chisel handles are made of beech wood, and tighten with a stainless steel hoop, in order to provide you with the most comfortable and the strongest grip. The lightweight handle in combination with the sharp bevel edge allow you to have optimal control of the carving chisels and carve any wood effortlessly and with high precision. This design will help to bear more impact, and have a longer service life.
- The blades of the woodworking chisels are made with chrome vanadium steel(Cr-V), sharp edge, high hardness. No burs or defects, which means that they would be stronger and rush resistant.
- The chisel sets are especially great for trimming down wood, trimming. The Grebstk brand chisel sets are suitable for amateur and professional carpenter or wood work artist woodworking jobs.
Using a Plane
It’s easy to split material effectively with a high-quality plane, just keep in mind that the blade needs to be deep enough and sharp for lateral alignment. Start by observing the depth of material and make adjustments to the depth wheel. After that, plane your wood through an entire length, making sure you follow the direction of the grain. If the grain isn’t minded, the surface can be ruined. Keep planing it from side to side until you’ve finished – it’s really very simple!
- Universal smoothing bench hand plane for precision woodworking
- Durable steel alloy blade makes quality cuts
- Impact-resistant wood handle with contoured grip
- Durable cast iron body provides stability and strength
- Adjustable gear that allows you to achieve precise results
Using a Quality Lathe
Lathes are brilliant cutting tools, especially when you want to create functional furniture. The procedure is simple and very easy to follow. First of all, mark the center and place it between each side of the lath. After this, you can turn it on to its lowest speed setting and watch as the chip size is cut out, making adjustments when necessary. Move the wood’s edge so that the lathe is parallel to the wood’s rotation. Pushing your tool into the stock is suitable for removing equal amounts, and this tool works wonders when cutting shapes and corners. Once one has styled their material correctly, the lathe can be used to smooth the wood’s surface by moving it along the length of the wood.
- Perfect for pens, bowls, cups, chess pieces, and other small workpieces
- Fits workpieces up to 12 inches long and 8 inches wide
- 3.2-Amp motor provides over 50% more power than most 8-inch wood lathes
- Adjust the soft start variable speed motor anywhere from 750 to 3200 RPM
- Features a 2.3-Inch face plate, an MT1 spindle and tailstock taper, and two interchangeable tool rests
Using a Sharp Knife
Whenever one wants to remove longer pieces of wood, a sharp knife can create wonders – it really isn’t necessary to use a saw when a knife is at hand. As long as it’s sharp, one can slice thin pieces of wood with ease. It’s all about using a slanting technique, i.e., holding it with a firm grip and using a knife to chop at an angle, making sure to trim edges properly. Using hands to snap wood pieces, one can then remove small parts by using their sharp knife all around. Knives are also great for trimming and performing precision cuts, something that a saw just isn’t good for.
- 【high-quality steel】 First you need to know this is a chef knife hand forged from high carbon steel and high manganese steel. Our boning knives are not made of stainless steel, so after each use, you may need keep it clean and dry to resist rust. But high carbon steel has a better ability to maintain sharp edges than stainless steel. The hardness of our knives are as high as 60-62HRC.It will assist you with every perfect cut. Reasonable maintenance after every use, it will last a long lifetime.
- 【Razor Sharp Blade】 Hand-polished 16 degree edge on each side makes the blade ultra sharp, and helps you cutting smoothly with ease. We always adhere to the traditional craftsmanship. This butcher knife’s blade is hand-forged and it’s passed multi-channel composite processes for fine grinding and durability.
- 【A Practical tool】 This cleaver knife is equipped with a portable soft leather sheath. It can protect the blade well and you can put on a belt for easy carrying when camping outdoor, suitable for hiking, camping, hunting, fishing, and party barbecues to carry the knife, also equipped with a black gift box, making it the special gift for whoever you love. Of course this is also a good collectible.
- 【Ergonomic and unique design】Full tang blade runs through the handle and is fixed with brass nails at the end of the handle.The handle is made of natural rosewood, wear-resistant, corrosion-resistant, good heat dissipation and air permeability, combined with an ergonomic grip curve design, it feels comfortable, not easy to slip, and cut effortlessly. Carved with a brass dragon, unique and elegant.
- 【Multi-functional knife】This 7'' Chef’s knife can easily handle your daily kitchen tasks of chopping, slicing, mincing and dicing fruits, vegetables and several meat varieties including fish, chicken and beef. Also suitable for use as a boning knife. It’s definitely your practical assistant no matter when you are indoor or outdoor!
Cutting Wood Using a Router
Using a cutting wood router is excellent when one wants to make furniture for their home. Routers are most commonly used by carpenters along with a drill/sharpening machine to cut quickly into various pieces and sizes. Drilling machines are used to create a number of perforations along the wood’s line – these need to be repeated until these perforations can cause the wood to weaken and break off. After this has been completed, machetes can be used to trim around the edges and have the material ready for use.
- 1-3/4-hp, 11-amp motor provides the power to rout smoothly through the toughest hardwoods
- Micro-fine depth adjustment ring provides precise depth adjustments in 1/64-inch increments
- Adjustable, tool-free steel motor cam lock makes depth adjustment and base changes quick and solid-locking
- Quick-release motor latches for fast and easy motor pack removal for bit and base changes
- Sub-base concentricity gauge included to ensure bit concentricity for best-in-class accuracy
Now that you’ve read this post written by the experts from HandyHomeMaster, you understand that there are lots of ways to cut effectively without a saw. Remember, that safety comes first, and no work should be attempted unless you really know how to use your tools. Now it’s time to get to work and enjoy cutting wood! We hope your projects work out great.